The number of people who have been diagnosed with dementia is growing with the enormous speed. Currently, it is estimated that over 47.5 billion people live with this condition worldwide. The number is expected to reach 75.6 billion in 2030 and rocket to over 140 billion by the year 2050.
The statistics is shocking and implies that people should be more aware of dementia, its causes and ways of treatment.
What is dementia?
First of all, dementia is not a disease; it is a syndrome that is caused by other mental illnesses and dysfunctions. Dementia is characterized as the inability to think and remember things that prevents the person from functioning normally on a daily basis. The symptoms of dementia also include having problems with language, decreased motivation and emotional problems.
What is the cause of dementia?
Dementia is classified into different types according to the diseases that cause it:
- Alzheimer’s disease – causes dementia in 50-70% of cases
- Vascular dementia – 26%
- Lewy body dementia – 14%
- dementia frontotemporal – less than 5%
Other and less typical reasons for dementia include normal pressure hydrocephalus, Parkinson’s disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and syphilis. The existence of more than one type of dementia causes in one person is possible and quite common.
How to diagnose dementia?
Unfortunately, there is no test or examination, elaborated for dementia diagnosis. It is impossible to establish if you are having dementia or not on your own, so you need to ask for the professional help. Doctors usually begin the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia by a careful examination of the illness history. Then, the patient undergoes a series of careful physical examinations, numerous laboratory analysis, and prolonged observation.
Even though the physicians can set the diagnosis with certainty, they are often facing difficulties with defining the type of dementia. This process might take quite a long period of time.
How to prevent it?
The main way of preventing dementia is leading of a healthy lifestyle. Keeping your heart in a good condition would benefit your mental health a lot. Do a lot of exercise and stay fit, which would give a great boost to your brain. It is also recommended to challenge your brain mentally by doing difficult tasks and solving various problems.
Moreover, it is essential to maintain a balanced and nutritious diet. The daily ration should include wholegrains, fish, nuts, fruit and vegetables. Last but not least, stay socially active and interact with people, share your feelings and emotions. This would improve both physical and psychological condition.
In most cases, dementia cannot be treated. For example, there is no way to improve or slow down the progression of dementia, if the patient has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. But it is possible to relieve its symptoms.
The common prescriptions for dementia include memantine, donepezil or galantamine as main treatment components. People with dementia often suffer from severe depressions and insomnia, but the main enemy of dementia is anxiety.
Anxiety disorders are very common for Alzheimer’s disease and they deteriorate the patient’s condition a lot. For this reason, doctors recommend to take anxiolytic medications. One of the best anti-anxiety drugs is Xanax.
Xanax: how it Works
Xanax, which is also known as Alprazolam, has a strong sedative, relaxant, amnestic and anticonvulsant effect. It helps to improve and normalize the functioning of the central nervous system.
Alprazolam eliminates anxiety and its symptoms, helps to cope with depression and panic attacks. All these effects make patients with dementia feel much better and strike with their condition. Xanax enables them to stay motivated, high-spirited and relaxed.
Anxiety and severe depression, combined with dementia, can simply ruin the person and make the illness progress even faster. These terrible consequences can be avoided by using Xanax.
Usually, Xanax is administered three times a day at the 0.25–0.5 mg dose with the further increase. However, in case with dementia, the dosing principle should be changed. The best results can be achieved by taking small dosages when necessary. For example, if the person is feeling worried or low-spirited, the good way out is to take 0.25-0.5 mg of Alprazolam.
However, due to the habit-forming properties of Xanax, it is crucial to give a supporting dose of 0.25 mg even when there are no visible symptoms of anxiety. Abrupt drug withdrawal can only worsen the patient’s condition and help dementia progress faster.
How Much does it Cost?
Apart from being effective and extremely helpful for relieving dementia symptoms, Xanax is also an affordable drug. One 1 mg pill costs on average $1.95, which is equal to 4 Xanax intakes. Generic Xanax would cost you less than $0.5 per tablet.